NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Esophageal Cancer, Version 1.2016
endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD)
Removal of early tumors with a special knife that has been
guided down the throat.
endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)
A device guided down your throat to make pictures using
Tissue that lines the esophageal wall.
Removal of all or part of the esophagus.
Removal of the esophagus and some of the stomach.
The tube-shaped organ between the throat and stomach.
external beam radiation therapy (EBRT)
Radiation therapy received from a machine outside the body.
fine-needle aspiration (FNA)
Removal of a tissue sample with a small needle.
Health care that starts once treatment has ended and there
are no signs of cancer.
A doctor who’s an expert in digestive diseases.
gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
Frequent back wash of stomach contents into the
esophagogastric junction (EGJ)
The area where the esophagus and stomach join.
A controlled loss of wakefulness from drugs.
Instructions in cells for making and controlling cells.
An expert in changes within genes that are related to
high-grade dysplasia (HGD)
A pre-cancerous change in cells.
Itchy, swollen, and red skin caused by the body ridding itself
of an invader.
human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)
A protein on the edge of a cell that send signals for the cell
A lab test of cancer cells to find specific cell traits involved in
abnormal cell growth.
inferior pulmonary vein
A vein that returns blood from the lungs back to the heart.
in situ hybridization (ISH)
A lab test that shows the number of a specific gene.
intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT)
Treatment with radiation that uses small beams of different
strengths based on the thickness of the tissue.
integrative medicine doctor
An expert in mind-body treatments.
The tube-like organ between the stomach and anus.
jejunostomy tube (J-tube)
A feeding tube that is inserted though a cut into the intestine.
Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS)
A rating scale of one’s ability to do daily activities.
Connective tissue within the mucosa of the esophageal wall.
Cooling of the chemical, nitrogen, to a liquid state.
A controlled loss of feeling in a small area of the body from
A clear fluid containing white blood cells.
A small group of special disease-fighting cells located
throughout the body.
All health events and medications taken to date.