Table of Contents Table of Contents
Previous Page  103 / 112 Next Page
Information
Show Menu
Previous Page 103 / 112 Next Page
Page Background

101

NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

Esophageal Cancer, Version 1.2016

Glossary

Dictionary

squamous cell carcinoma

Cancer that starts in thin and flat cells that line the surface of

organs.

standard open esophagectomy

Removal of the esophagus through large cuts into the body.

submucosa

The second layer of the esophageal wall made mostly of

connective tissue.

supportive care

Treatment for symptoms of a disease.

surface receptor

Proteins on the edge of a cell that send signals for the cell to

grow.

surgical margin

The normal tissue around the tumor removed during

surgery.

targeted therapy

Drugs that stop the growth process specific to cancer cells.

thoracic inlet

The center of a ring of bones at the top of the ribcage.

thoracoscope

A thin, long tube fitted with tools that is inserted through a cut

into the chest.

three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy

(3D-CRT)

Treatment with radiation that uses beams matched to the

shape of the tumor.

trachea

The airway between the throat and bronchi; also called the

windpipe.

upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy

Use of a thin tool guided down the throat into the esophagus

and stomach.

vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)

A molecule that binds to cells that form blood vessels.