NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Esophageal Cancer, Version 1.2016
squamous cell carcinoma
Cancer that starts in thin and flat cells that line the surface of
standard open esophagectomy
Removal of the esophagus through large cuts into the body.
The second layer of the esophageal wall made mostly of
Treatment for symptoms of a disease.
Proteins on the edge of a cell that send signals for the cell to
The normal tissue around the tumor removed during
Drugs that stop the growth process specific to cancer cells.
The center of a ring of bones at the top of the ribcage.
A thin, long tube fitted with tools that is inserted through a cut
into the chest.
three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy
Treatment with radiation that uses beams matched to the
shape of the tumor.
The airway between the throat and bronchi; also called the
upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy
Use of a thin tool guided down the throat into the esophagus
vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)
A molecule that binds to cells that form blood vessels.