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NCCN Guidelines for Patients


Esophageal Cancer, Version 1.2016

1 Esophageal cancer basics



• The esophagus moves food from the throat

down into the stomach.

• The wall of the esophagus has four layers.

• Esophageal cancer often starts in cells that

line the inside wall or starts in cells that make


• Cancer cells form a tumor since they don’t

grow and die as normal cells do.

• Cancer cells can spread to other body parts

through lymph or blood.