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Part 3 describes some of the

important events that should take

place before starting treatment. Tests

to learn about the cancer are needed.

Based on test results, your treatment

team will create a treatment plan.

To get the best treatment results, it

is important that you receive good

nutrition and if you smoke, quit


Cancer tests

Before starting treatment, multiple cancer tests will

be done. Such tests are listed in

Guide 1

. These

tests will assess your health, clinical stage, and other

features of the cancer. Read on to learn more about

these tests.

Medical history

Your medical history includes any health events in

your life and any medications you’ve taken. Health

events include any symptoms that may be related

to esophageal cancer. Such symptoms include

heartburn, swallowing that is hard or painful, throat

or back pain, and weight loss. However, these

symptoms can also be caused by other health


Some people are more likely to develop esophageal

cancer than others. Anything that increases your

chances of esophageal cancer is called a risk factor.

Risk factors can be activities that people do, things in

the environment, or personal traits.

NCCN Guidelines for Patients


Esophageal Cancer, Version 1.2016


Preparing for


22 Cancer tests

28 Treatment team meetings

29 Good nutrition

30 Quit smoking

30 Review