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66

NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

Esophageal Cancer, Version 1.2016

5

Treatment guide: squamous cell carcinoma Early cancer

6

Treatment guide:

Adenocarcinoma

68

Early cancer

Treatment of cancer that has not

grown beyond the second layer of the

esophageal wall. There is no proof of

cancer in nearby lymph nodes or distant

sites. These cancers include stages 0, IA,

and some IB (T1 scores).

74

Invasive cancer

Treatment of cancer that has grown

beyond the first layer of the esophageal

wall. There may be proof of cancer in

nearby lymph nodes but there is no proof

of cancer in distant sites. These cancers

include stages IB (T2 and T3), II, and III.

80

Return of cancer

Treatment of cancers that return after a

cancer-free period. The return of cancer is

called recurrence.

82

Advanced cancer

Treatment of esophageal cancers that

can’t be treated with local treatments,

such as surgery. Such cancers include

metastatic disease (M1 stage).

86

Review