NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Esophageal Cancer, Version 1.2016
Treatment guide: squamous cell carcinoma Early cancer
Treatment of cancer that has not
grown beyond the second layer of the
esophageal wall. There is no proof of
cancer in nearby lymph nodes or distant
sites. These cancers include stages 0, IA,
and some IB (T1 scores).
Treatment of cancer that has grown
beyond the first layer of the esophageal
wall. There may be proof of cancer in
nearby lymph nodes but there is no proof
of cancer in distant sites. These cancers
include stages IB (T2 and T3), II, and III.
Return of cancer
Treatment of cancers that return after a
cancer-free period. The return of cancer is
Treatment of esophageal cancers that
can’t be treated with local treatments,
such as surgery. Such cancers include
metastatic disease (M1 stage).