NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Esophageal Cancer, Version 1.2016
Making treatment decisions
Questions to ask your doctors
What are my options?
There is no single treatment practice that is best for all patients. There is often more than one
treatment option along with clinical trial options. Your doctor will review your test results and
recommend treatment options.
1. What will happen if I do nothing?
2. Can I just carefully monitor the cancer?
3. Do you consult NCCN recommendations when considering options?
4. Are you suggesting options other than what NCCN recommends? If yes, why? From what source
are these options based?
5. How do my age, health, and other factors affect my options?
6. Which option is proven to work best?
7. Which options lack scientific proof?
8. What are the benefits of each option? Does any option offer a cure? Are my chances any better
for one option than another? Which option spares the most healthy tissue? Is any option less
invasive? Less time-consuming? Less expensive?
9. What are the risks of each option? What are possible complications? What are the rare and
common side effects? Short-lived and long-lasting side effects? Serious or mild side effects?
10. What can be done to prevent or relieve the side effects of treatment?
11. What are my chances that the cancer will return?