NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Hodgkin Lymphoma, Version 1.2015
In Part 3, the main treatment types
that are recommended by NCCN
experts are briefly described. Knowing
what a treatment is will help you
understand your treatment options as
listed in Part 4. There is more than
one treatment for Hodgkin lymphoma.
Not every person will receive every
treatment described in this chapter.
Chemotherapy, or “chemo,” is drugs that disrupt the
life cycle of cancer cells so they can’t increase in
number. Some chemotherapy drugs kill cancer cells
by damaging their DNA or by disrupting the making
of DNA. Other drugs interfere with cell parts that are
needed for making new cells. Thus, no new cells are
made to replace dying cells. Chemotherapy is often
used to treat Hodgkin lymphoma.
Many chemotherapy drugs work when cells are in
an active growth phase. During the active growth
phase, cells grow and divide to form a new cell.
Chemotherapy drugs that disrupt the growth phase
work well for cancer cells that are growing and
dividing quickly. Other chemotherapy drugs work
whether cells are in a growth or resting phase.
Chemotherapy can kill both cancer and normal cells.
Most chemotherapy drugs for Hodgkin lymphoma are
liquids that are slowly injected into a vein. Some are
a pill that is swallowed. Very rarely these drugs can
be injected under the skin. By any method, the drugs
travel in your bloodstream to treat cancer throughout
your body. Chemotherapy and other drugs used to
treat Hodgkin lymphoma are listed in
Overview of cancer
27 Radiation therapy
28 Stem cell transplant
31 Targeted therapy
32 Clinical trials