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NCCN Guidelines for Patients


Hodgkin Lymphoma, Version 1.2015




A sheet of muscles below the ribs that helps a person to



Measurement of the different types of white blood cells

present in a blood sample.

E tumors

Cancer that has spread outside of lymph nodes to other



A test that uses sound waves to make pictures of the heart.

ejection fraction

The amount of blood is pumped out of the left side of your


erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)

A test for inflammation based on how much clear liquid is at

the top of a tube of blood after one hour.

excisional biopsy

Removal of a tumor but not too much healthy tissue.

external beam radiation therapy (EBRT)

Radiation therapy received from a machine outside the body.


Severe tiredness despite getting enough sleep that limits

one’s ability to function.

fertility specialist

An expert who helps men and women have babies.

fine-needle aspiration (FNA)

Use of a thin needle to remove fluid or tissue from the body

to test for disease.

four-dimensional computed tomography (4D-CT)

A CT scan that can show the movement of organs.

gas diffusion test

A test that uses harmless gas to measure how much a

person can breathe out.


Instructions in cells for making and controlling cells.

general anesthesia

A controlled loss of wakefulness from drugs.

hadron therapy

Radiation therapy that uses protons to treat a disease. Also

called proton therapy.

Hodgkin lymphoma

A cancer that starts in a type of white blood cell

(lymphocyte). Reed-Sternberg cells are present.

image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT)

Radiation therapy that uses imaging tests during treatment to

better target the tumor.

immune system

The body’s natural defense against illness.

immunohistochemistry (IHC)

A test of cancer cells to find specific cell traits involved in

abnormal cell growth.


A type of drug that modifies some parts of the body’s

disease-fighting system.

intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT)

Radiation therapy that uses small beams of different

strengths based on the thickness of the tissue.

involved-site radiation therapy (ISRT)

Treatment with high-energy rays (radiation) that is delivered

to lymph nodes and nearby sites with cancer.

lactate dehydrogenase

A protein that helps to make energy in cells.


Organ that removes waste from the blood and helps to digest


liver function test

Test that measures chemicals in the blood that are made or

processed by the liver.

local anesthesia

Medicine that causes a loss of feeling in a small part of the



A clear fluid containing white blood cells.

lymph node

Small groups of special disease-fighting cells located

throughout the body.