Table of Contents Table of Contents
Previous Page  84 / 94 Next Page
Information
Show Menu
Previous Page 84 / 94 Next Page
Page Background

82

NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

Hodgkin Lymphoma, Version 1.2015

Glossary

Dictionary

lymph vessel

Tube-shaped ducts that carry lymph throughout the body.

lymphatic system

A network in the body that collects and transports a fluid

(lymph) and fights germs.

lymphocyte

A type of white blood cell that helps protect the body from

illness.

lymphocyte-predominant cell

A lymphoma cell that looks like popcorn.

lymphoma

Cancer that begins in white blood cells called lymphocytes

that are within the lymphatic system.

magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

A test that uses radio waves and powerful magnets to see

the shape and function of body parts.

medical history

All health events and medications taken to date.

metastasis

The spread of cancer cells from the first tumor to another

body part.

natural killer (NK) cell

One of three types of a white blood cell called a lymphocyte.

nodular lymphocyte-predominant hodgkin

lymphoma

A rare type of Hodgkin lymphoma.

observation

A period of testing for cancer growth.

pathologist

A doctor who’s an expert in testing cells to find disease.

performance status

A rating of one’s ability to do daily activities.

physical exam

A review of the body by a health expert for signs of disease.

positron emission tomography (PET)

A test that uses radioactive material to see the shape and

function of body parts.

positron emission tomography/computed

tomography (PET/CT)

A test that uses radioactive material and x-rays to view the

shape and function of organs and tissues.

primary tumor

The first mass of cancer cells of their kind.

prognosis

The expected pattern and outcome of a disease based on

tests.

pruritus

Itchy skin.

pulmonary function tests

A set of breathing tests to test the strength of the lungs.

radiation therapy

The use of high-energy rays (radiation) to treat cancer.

radiologist

A doctor who’s an expert in reading imaging tests.

Reed-Sternberg cell

A Hodgkin lymphoma cell found in classical types of the

cancer.

refractory cancer

Cancer that does not improve or go away in response to

treatment.

regional anesthesia

A type of drug used for short-term loss of feeling or

awareness in a part of the body without loss of wakefulness.

relapse

The return of cancer after a cancer-free period of time.

sedative

A drug that helps a person to relax or go to sleep.

side effect

An unplanned physical or emotional response to treatment.

simulation

The steps needed to prepare for radiation therapy.

spirometry

A test that uses a tube to measure how fast you breathe.

spleen

An organ to the left of the stomach that helps protect the

body from disease.