NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Kidney Cancer, Version 1.2017
Kidney cancer stages | Review
Your treatment team
Treating kidney cancer takes a team approach. A
urologist is a doctor who’s an expert in diseases
of the urinary system and the male reproductive
system. A medical oncologist is a doctor who’s an
expert in treating cancer with drugs. A radiation
oncologist is an expert at treating cancer with
radiation. A surgeon is an expert in operations to
remove or repair a part of the body. A pathologist is
an expert in testing cells and tissue to find disease.
Your primary care doctor can also be part of your
team. He or she can help you express your feelings
about treatments to the team. Treatment of other
medical problems may be improved if he or she is
informed of your cancer care. Besides doctors, you
may receive care from nurses, social workers, and
other health care professionals. Ask to have the
names and contact information of your health care
providers included in the treatment plan.
There is no single treatment practice that is best for
all patients. There is often more than one treatment
option, including clinical trials. Clinical trials study
how well a treatment works and its safety.
A guide to kidney cancer treatment options can be
found in Part 5. The treatment that you and your
doctors agree on should be reported in the treatment
plan. It is also important to note the goal of treatment
and the chance of a good treatment outcome. All
known side effects should be listed and the time
required to treat them should be noted. See Part
4 for a list of some of the possible side effects of
kidney cancer treatments.
Your treatment plan may change because of new
information. You may change your mind about
treatment. Tests may find new results. How well
the treatment is working may change. Any of these
changes may require a new treatment plan.
Cancer staging is how doctors rate and
describe the extent of cancer in the body.
Kidney cancer is grouped into stages to help
Cancer stages are defined by the growth and
spread of the tumor.
Doctors use certain tests, called staging tests,
to find out how much the cancer has grown and
Ask to have the names and contact information
of your health care providers included in the
For anyone just recently diagnosed,
please don't give up hope. Take care
of yourself, eat healthy and do your