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66

NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

:

Kidney Cancer, Version 1.2017

Dictionary

Dictionary

abdomen

The belly area between the chest and pelvis.

active surveillance

Frequent and ongoing testing to watch for cancer growth

without giving active treatment.

adrenal gland

A small organ on top of each kidney that makes hormones.

advanced kidney cancer

Cancer that has spread to other parts of the body far from

the first cancer site.

alkaline phosphatase (ALP)

A protein found in most tissues in the body.

allergic reaction

Symptoms caused when the body is trying to rid itself of

invaders.

allergy

A condition in which the immune system has an abnormal

reaction to something that is not harmful to most people.

angiogenesis

The growth of new blood vessels.

angiogenesis inhibitor

A drug that blocks the growth of new blood vessels that feed

cancer cells.

baseline

A starting point to which future test results are compared.

baseline test

The first test results to which future test results are

compared.

biopsy

Removal of small amounts of tissue from the body to be

tested for disease.

bladder

An organ that holds and expels urine from the body.

blood chemistry panel

A test that measures the amounts of many different

chemicals in a sample of blood.

blood chemistry test

A test that measures the amount of chemicals in the blood

to check for signs of disease or organ damage.

blood vessel

A tube that carries blood throughout the body.

bone metastases

Cancer that has spread from the first (primary) tumor to the

bone.

bone scan

An imaging test that uses radioactive material to check for

cancer or damage in bones.

brain metastases

Cancer that has spread from the first (primary) tumor to the

brain.

calcium

A mineral needed for healthy teeth, bones, and other body

tissues.

cancer stage

A rating of the growth and spread of cancer in the body.

cancer staging

The process of rating and describing the extent of cancer in

the body.

carcinoma

Cancer that starts in cells that form the lining of organs and

structures in the body.

chromophobe RCC

The third most common subtype of RCC (renal cell

carcinoma) based on how the cancer cells look when

viewed with a microscope.

clear cell RCC

The most common subtype of RCC (renal cell carcinoma)

based on how the cancer cells look when viewed with a

microscope.

clinical trial

Research on a test or treatment to assess its safety or how

well it works.