NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Kidney Cancer, Version 1.2017
collecting duct RCC
The fourth most common subtype of RCC (renal cell
carcinoma) based on how the cancer cells look when
viewed with a microscope.
complete blood count (CBC)
A test of the number of blood cells.
computed tomography (CT) scan
A test that uses x-rays from many angles to make a picture
of the inside of the body.
A dye put into your body to make clearer pictures during
A waste product of muscles that is filtered out of blood into
urine by the kidneys.
Proteins made naturally in the body or in a lab that boost or
activate the immune system.
Treatment with drugs that are cytokines—proteins made in a
lab that boost or activate the immune system to fight cancer.
Surgery to remove the whole kidney with the tumor when
cancer has spread to many distant sites and can’t all be
The process of identifying or confirming a disease.
Cancer that has come back after treatment and is found in a
part of the body far from the first (primary) tumor.
A drug that blocks the action of EGFR (epidermal growth
factor receptor), a protein on the outside surface of a cell
that sends signals inside the cell to grow.
epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)
A protein on the outside surface of a cell that sends signals
inside the cell to grow.
external beam radiation therapy (EBRT)
Radiation therapy (use of high-energy rays to destroy
cancer cells) received from a machine outside the body.
The first drug or set of drugs given to treat cancer.
Tests done after the start of treatment to check how well
treatment is working.
A crack or break in a bone.
A controlled loss of wakefulness from drugs.
A set of coded instructions in cells for making new cells and
controlling how cells behave.
The outer layer of fibrous tissue that surrounds the kidney.
A measure of how much the cancer grows over a set period
Redness, pain, swelling or blisters on the palms of the
hands or soles of the feet.
Chemicals in the body that activate cells or organs.
Tests that make pictures (images) of the inside of the body.
The body’s natural defense against infection and disease.
Treatment that activates or boosts the body’s natural
defense against disease (immune system) to fight cancer.
A method of giving drugs slowly through a needle into a
The organ that eaten food passes through after leaving the
A description of how well the kidneys are working.