NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Kidney Cancer, Version 1.2017
The second most common subtype of RCC (renal cell
carcinoma) based on how the cancer cells look when
viewed with a microscope.
Surgery to remove a small part of the kidney with the tumor.
A doctor who’s an expert in testing cells and tissue to find
The body area between the hip bones.
A review of the body by a health expert for signs of disease.
poor risk factor
Something that increases the chance (risk) that cancer will
be aggressive and grow (progress) quickly.
The main treatment used to rid the body of cancer.
The first mass of cancer cells in the body.
The likely or expected course and outcome of a disease.
A doctor who’s an expert in treating cancer with radiation.
Use of high-energy rays to destroy cancer cells.
Surgery that removes the whole kidney with the tumor, the
fatty tissue around the kidney, and possibly the attached
adrenal gland and nearby lymph nodes.
A doctor who’s an expert in reading imaging tests—tests
that make pictures of the inside of the body.
A substance that releases small amounts of energy
(radiation) that is put into the body to make pictures clearer.
A protein inside or on the surface of cells to which
substances can attach to cause a certain effect in the cell.
The return of cancer after treatment. Also called a relapse.
red blood cell
A type of blood cell that carries oxygen from the lungs to the
rest of the body.
The return of cancer after treatment. Also called a
The blood vessel that carries blood into the kidney.
renal cell carcinoma (RCC)
The most common type of kidney cancer. It starts in the
cells that line the renal tubules—tiny tubes that filter blood
and make urine.
The space in the middle of the kidneys where urine collects
before leaving the kidneys though long, thin tubes called
Cancer that starts in the blood vessels or connective tissue
of the kidneys.
Tiny tubes in the kidneys that filter blood and make urine
from the waste and extra water filtered out of blood.
The blood vessel that carries clean blood out of the kidney.
An unhealthy or unpleasant condition caused by treatment.
The bundle of nerves in the spine (backbone) that carries
messages between the brain and other parts of the body.
The bones, muscles, and other tissues that reach from the
base of the skull to the tailbone. Also called backbone.
The process of rating and describing the extent of cancer in
A type of radiation therapy that delivers a high dose of
radiation to a small, specific area.