NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Kidney Cancer, Version 1.2017
Smaller groups that a type of cancer is divided into based
on how the cancer cells look under a microscope.
Treatment given to relieve the symptoms of a disease. Also
called palliative care.
A doctor who’s an expert in operations to remove or repair a
part of the body.
An operation to remove or repair a part of the body.
A new or changed health problem a person experiences that
may indicate a certain disease or health condition.
Treatment with drugs that target a specific or unique feature
of cancer cells.
Treatment that destroys tumors using extreme heat or
transitional cell carcinoma (TCC)
Cancer that starts in the cells that line the renal pelvis—the
middle part of the kidney where urine collects before leaving
the kidney through a long tube called a ureter. TCC also
arises in the ureter and in the bladder.
A written course of action through cancer treatment and
An abnormal mass formed by the overgrowth of cells.
A type of protein in cells that is important for many cell
functions, such as sending signals for cell growth and
tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI)
A drug that blocks the action of tyrosine kinases—proteins in
cells that send signals for cells to grow, divide, and survive.
U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
A federal government agency that regulates drugs and food
in the United States.
A test that uses sound waves to take pictures of the inside
of the body.
A waste product made by the liver and filtered out of blood
by the kidneys.
A long, thin tube that carries urine from the kidney to the
The tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside the
A test that assess the content of urine using a microscope
and chemical tests.
The group of organs that removes waste from the body
in the form of urine. It is made up of the kidneys, ureters,
bladder, and urethra.
A doctor who is an expert in treating diseases of the urinary
system in men and women and sex organs in men.
vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)
A protein that binds to cells that form blood vessels.
A blood vessel that carries blood back to the heart from all
parts of the body.
The main, large vein that carries blood back to the heart.
white blood cell
A type of blood cell that helps fight infections in the body.
A rare type of cancer that starts in the kidneys and almost
only occurs in young children.
Use of small amounts of radiation to make pictures of the
inside of the body.