Table of Contents Table of Contents
Previous Page  72 / 80 Next Page
Show Menu
Previous Page 72 / 80 Next Page
Page Background


NCCN Guidelines for Patients



Kidney Cancer, Version 1.2017



Smaller groups that a type of cancer is divided into based

on how the cancer cells look under a microscope.

supportive care

Treatment given to relieve the symptoms of a disease. Also

called palliative care.


A doctor who’s an expert in operations to remove or repair a

part of the body.


An operation to remove or repair a part of the body.


A new or changed health problem a person experiences that

may indicate a certain disease or health condition.

targeted therapy

Treatment with drugs that target a specific or unique feature

of cancer cells.

thermal ablation

Treatment that destroys tumors using extreme heat or

extreme cold.

transitional cell carcinoma (TCC)

Cancer that starts in the cells that line the renal pelvis—the

middle part of the kidney where urine collects before leaving

the kidney through a long tube called a ureter. TCC also

arises in the ureter and in the bladder.

treatment plan

A written course of action through cancer treatment and



An abnormal mass formed by the overgrowth of cells.

tyrosine kinase

A type of protein in cells that is important for many cell

functions, such as sending signals for cell growth and


tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI)

A drug that blocks the action of tyrosine kinases—proteins in

cells that send signals for cells to grow, divide, and survive.

U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

A federal government agency that regulates drugs and food

in the United States.


A test that uses sound waves to take pictures of the inside

of the body.


A waste product made by the liver and filtered out of blood

by the kidneys.


A long, thin tube that carries urine from the kidney to the



The tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside the



A test that assess the content of urine using a microscope

and chemical tests.

urinary system

The group of organs that removes waste from the body

in the form of urine. It is made up of the kidneys, ureters,

bladder, and urethra.


A doctor who is an expert in treating diseases of the urinary

system in men and women and sex organs in men.

vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)

A protein that binds to cells that form blood vessels.


A blood vessel that carries blood back to the heart from all

parts of the body.

vena cava

The main, large vein that carries blood back to the heart.

white blood cell

A type of blood cell that helps fight infections in the body.

Wilms tumor

A rare type of cancer that starts in the kidneys and almost

only occurs in young children.


Use of small amounts of radiation to make pictures of the

inside of the body.