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NCCN Guidelines for Patients



Kidney Cancer, Version 1.2017

How to use this book

Who should read this book?

This book is about treatment for renal cell carcinoma,

which is the most common type of kidney cancer

in adults. It does not focus on transitional cell

carcinoma, Wilms tumor, or renal sarcoma. This

book is for people with kidney cancer and those who

support them like caregivers, family, and friends.

Are the book chapters in a

certain order?

Early chapters explain concepts that are repeated in

later chapters. Starting with

Part 1

may be helpful. It

explains what kidney cancer is and how this cancer

is diagnosed.

Part 2

covers health tests and other

care needed before starting treatment.

Tests that help doctors plan treatment are described


Part 3

. This chapter discusses the cancer stages

of kidney cancer. Your treatment plan will be partly

based on the cancer stage.

An overview of treatments for kidney cancer are

presented in

Part 4

. Knowing what a treatment is

will help you understand your options. Treatment

options are presented in

Part 5

. Lastly,

Part 6


questions for your doctors and directs you to online


Does this book include all


This book includes information for many situations.

Your treatment team can help. They can point out

what information applies to you. They can also give

you more information. As you read through this book,

you may find it helpful to make a list of questions to

ask your doctors.

The recommendations in this book are based on

science and the experience of NCCN experts.

However, these recommendations may not be right

for your situation. Your doctors may suggest other

tests and treatments based on your health and other

factors. If other recommendations are given, feel free

to ask your treatment team questions.

Help! What do the words


In this book, many medical words are included.

These are words you will likely hear from your

treatment team. Most of these words may be new to

you, and it may be a lot to learn.

Don’t be discouraged as you read. Keep reading

and review the information. Feel free to ask your

treatment team to explain a word or phrase that you

don’t understand. Words that you may not know are

defined in the text or in the


. Acronyms are

also defined when first used and in the



One example is RCC for