NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Lung Cancer - Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

101 NCCN Guidelines for Patients ® : Lung Cancer – Non-Small Cell, 2018 Dictionary Dictionary ablation Treatment that destroys very small tumors with heat or cold. adenocarcinoma Cancer of cells that make fluids or hormones. adjuvant treatment Treatment that is given to lower the chances of the cancer returning. adrenal gland A small organ on top of each kidney that makes hormones. alveoli The tiny sacs in the lungs where gases are transferred in and out of the blood. anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) Proteins on the edge of a cell that send signals for the cell to grow. atelectasis Collapse of a lung. biomarker Any molecule in your body that can be measured to assess your health. biomarker testing Tests of any molecule in your body that can be measured to assess your health. Also called molecular testing. biopsy Removal of small amounts of tissue or fluid to be tested for disease. board certified A status to identify doctors who finished training in a specialized field of medicine. body plethysmograph A test done in a small room with a small tube to measure how much air is in your lungs after inhaling or exhaling. brachytherapy Radiation received from a radioactive object placed near or in the tumor. bronchi The two airways extending from the windpipe into the lungs. bronchioli Branches of small airways within the lungs. bronchoscope A thin, long tube fitted with tools that is guided down the mouth. bronchoscopy Use of a thin tool guided down the mouth into the lungs. bronchus One of the two main airways that extends into the lungs. cancer screening The use of tests to find cancer before signs of cancer appear. cancer stage Rating of the growth and spread of tumors. carcinoma Cancer of cells that form the lining of structures or form glands. carina Firm, flexible, supportive tissue at the base of the windpipe. chemoradiation Treatment that combines chemotherapy with radiation therapy. chemistry profile Measurement of the amount of chemicals in the blood. chemotherapy Drugs that stop the life cycle of cells so they don’t increase in number. chest wall The layer of muscles and bones under the skin that covers the chest area. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) Trouble with breathing due to lung damage or too much mucus. clinical stage Rating the extent of a tumor based on tests before treatment. clinical trial Research on a test or treatment to assess its safety or how well it works.