NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Lung Cancer - Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
102 NCCN Guidelines for Patients ® : Lung Cancer – Non-Small Cell, 2018 Dictionary complete blood count (CBC) A test of the number of blood cells. computed tomography (CT) A test that uses x-rays to view body parts. continuation maintenance One or more first-line drugs is continued. contrast A dye put into your body to make clearer pictures during imaging tests. conventional radiation therapy Radiation that is given in small doses for weeks and targets both the tumor and some normal tissue. core needle biopsy Removal of a sample of solid tissue with a needle. diagnosis To identify a disease. diaphragm A sheet of muscles below the ribs that helps a person to breathe. doublet chemotherapy Treatment with two chemotherapy drugs. endobronchial ultrasound–guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) Removal of fluid with a needle guided with imaging into the main airway into the lung. endoscopic ultrasound–guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) Removal of fluid with a needle guided with imaging into the long organ between the mouth and stomach. epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) Proteins on the edge of a cell that send signals for the cell to grow. esophagus The tube-shaped organ between the mouth and stomach. excision Removal of a tumor but not too much healthy tissue. external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) Radiation therapy received from a machine outside the body. fine-needle aspiration (FNA) Use of a thin needle to remove fluid or tissue from the body to test for disease. four-dimensional computed tomography (4D-CT) An imaging test that can show movement of organs. gas diffusion A test that uses harmless gas to measure how much you breathe out. gene Instructions in cells for making and controlling cells. gene rearrangement The fusion of one gene with another gene to create a new gene. general anesthesia A controlled loss of wakefulness from drugs. hilar lymph nodes Groups of disease-fighting cells where the main airways enter the lungs. human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) Proteins on the edge of a cell that send signals for the cell to grow. image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT) Radiation therapy that uses imaging tests during treatment to better target the tumor. immunotherapy Treatment that uses the body’s natural defense against disease. intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) Radiation therapy that uses small beams of different strengths based on the thickness of the tissue. intrapulmonary lymph nodes Groups of disease-fighting cells in the lungs around the small airways. invasion A mass of cancer cells that has grown from one structure into another. large-cell lung carcinoma A lack of features to classify the cancer as any other carcinoma. lobe A clearly seen division in the lungs.