NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Lung Cancer - Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

104 NCCN Guidelines for Patients ® : Lung Cancer – Non-Small Cell, 2018 pericardiocentesis Use of a needle inserted between the ribs to remove fluid around the heart. pericardium The tissue lining around the heart. phrenic nerve A bundle of fibers that sends signals between the spine and muscles used to breathe. physical exam A review of the body by a health expert for signs of disease. platinum-doublet chemotherapy Treatment with two chemotherapy drugs, one of which is platinum-based. pleura The tissue lining around the lungs. pleural cavity The space between the two layers of the lung’s lining. pleural effusion Excess fluid between the two tissue layers of the lung’s lining. pleural fluid The liquid in the space between the two layers of the lung’s lining. pneumonectomy Surgical removal of the entire lung. pneumonitis Swelling of the air sacs in a lung. positron emission tomography (PET) A test that uses radioactive material to see the shape and function of body parts. positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) A test that uses radioactive material and x-rays to view the shape and function of organs and tissues. primary tumor The first mass of cancer cells of their kind. prognosis The expected pattern and outcome of a disease based on tests. proton therapy Radiation therapy that uses protons to treat a disease. Also called hadron therapy. pulmonary fibrosis Major scarring of lung tissue. pulmonary function tests A set of breathing tests to test the strength of the lungs. pulmonologist A doctor who’s an expert in lung diseases. radial endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) bronchoscopy Use of a thin tool that is guided down the mouth and into the lungs and is fitted with an imaging device to see through the walls of the lungs. radiation oncologist A doctor who’s an expert in treating cancer with radiation. radiation therapy The use of radiation to treat cancer. recurrent laryngeal nerve A bundle of fibers that sends signals between the spine and voice box. respiratory system The group of organs that transfers gases in and out of the body. risk factor Something that increases the chance of getting a disease. ROS1 Proteins on the edge of a cell that send signals for the cell to grow. scalene lymph nodes Groups of disease-fighting cells in the neck. secondary tumor A mass of cancer cells that formed from the first mass of cancer cells. sedative A drug that helps a person to relax or go to sleep. segmentectomy Surgical removal of a large part of a lobe. side effect An unplanned physical or emotional response to treatment. Dictionary

RkJQdWJsaXNoZXIy MTE3MTE1