NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Lung Cancer - Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

105 NCCN Guidelines for Patients ® : Lung Cancer – Non-Small Cell, 2018 simulation The steps needed to prepare for radiation therapy. sleeve lobectomy Surgical removal of an entire lobe and part of the bronchus. small cell lung cancer Lung cancer of small, round cells. solid nodule A small mass of tissue of high density. spirometry A test that uses a tube to measure how fast you breathe. squamous cell carcinoma A cancer of thin, flat cells that line many surfaces of the body. stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) Radiation therapy that uses precise, high-dose beams. stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) Precise, high-dose photon beams used for brain tumors. subcarinal lymph nodes Groups of disease-fighting cells below the windpipe. superior sulcus tumor A mass of cancer cells at the top of the lung that has grown into the chest wall. supportive care Treatment for symptoms of a disease. supraclavicular lymph nodes Groups of disease-fighting cells above the collarbone. surgical margin The normal tissue around the tumor removed during surgery. surgery An operation to remove or repair a part of the body. switch maintenance All first-line drugs are stopped and a new drug is started. targeted therapy Drugs that stop the growth process of cancer cells. thoracentesis Use of a needle inserted between the ribs to remove fluid around the lungs. thoracic radiologist A doctor who’s an expert in reading imaging tests of the chest. thoracic surgeon A doctor who’s an expert in surgery within the chest. thoracoscopy Use of thin tools inserted between the ribs to do work in the chest. thoracotomy Surgery done through a large cut to remove all or part of the lungs. three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy (3D-CRT) Radiation therapy that uses beams that match the shape of the tumor. trachea The airway between the throat and bronchi; also called the windpipe. transthoracic needle aspiration (TTNA) Use of a needle inserted through the chest to remove fluid or tissue from the body to test for disease. ultrasound A test that uses sound waves to take pictures of the inside of the body. vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) A molecule that triggers the growth of blood vessels. video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) Use of thin tools inserted between the ribs to do work in the chest. visceral pleura The inner layer of the lining around the lungs. wedge resection Surgical removal of a small part of a lobe. whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT) Small amounts of radiation given to treat the entire brain for cancer. Dictionary