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46

NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

:

Lung Cancer Screening, Version 1.2017

Dictionary

Dictionary

alkylating agent

A type of cancer-killing drug.

arsenic

A very toxic metallic chemical.

asbestos

A mineral fiber used in housing and commercial materials.

baseline test

A starting point to which future tests are compared.

benign

Tissue without cancer cells.

beryllium

A hard, gray metallic chemical.

biopsy

Removal of small amounts of tissue or fluid to be tested for

disease.

bladder

An organ that holds and expels urine from the body.

board certified

A status to identify doctors who finished training in a

specialized field of medicine.

bronchoscope

A thin, long tube fitted with tools that is guided down the

mouth.

bronchoscopy

Use of a thin tool guided down the mouth into the lungs.

cadmium

A heavy metallic chemical.

calcium

A mineral found in body tissues.

cancer screening

The use of tests to find cancer before signs of cancer

appear.

chromium

A hard, semi-gray metallic chemical.

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

Trouble with breathing due to lung damage or too much

mucus.

computed tomography (CT)

A test that combines many x-rays to make pictures of the

inside of the body.

curative treatment

A medicine that cures disease or symptoms.

diesel fumes

Gases from fuel that is thick, heavy, and made from crude

oil.

early stage

Cancer that has had little or no growth into nearby tissues.

electromagnetic

A force that attracts or repels and is produced by an electric

current.

esophagus

The tube-shaped digestive organ between the mouth and

stomach.

follow-up test

A close watch by doctors of possible cancer using tests.

general anesthesia

A controlled loss of wakefulness from drugs.

genes

Instructions in cells for making and controlling cells.

ground-glass opacity

A small mass of lung cells with low density.

Hodgkin lymphoma

A cancer of white blood cells.

infection

An illness caused by germs.

inflammation

Redness, heat, pain, and swelling from injury or infection.

lobe

A clearly seen division in the lungs.

lobectomy

The removal of an entire lobe of the lung.

local anesthesia

A loss of feeling in a small area of the body from drugs.