NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Melanoma

17 NCCN Guidelines for Patients ® : Melanoma, 2018 1  Melanoma basics Review Review † † The skin has two layers. The top layer is the epidermis. The second layer is the dermis. † † Cells that give skin its color—called melanocytes—are in the top layer. † † Melanoma is a cancer of the cells that give skin its color. † † Melanoma can spread throughout the body if it grows into the second layer of skin. † † Your risk for melanoma is higher if your skin is fair, freckled, or has many moles. † † Lower your cancer risk by using sun protection and by not using tanning beds. † † Learn what skin cancer looks like so you can check your skin often. “ I was stunned. I am too young, too busy, and too healthy to have melanoma! However, being diagnosed with melanoma has been a blessing. It has opened doors that have allowed me to help others. I now can empathize with so many people who have been in my shoes. - Seth, current age 36 diagnosed at age 33