6 NCCN Guidelines for Patients ® : Melanoma, 2018 Who should read this book? How to use t i book Who should read this book? Melanoma is a type of cancer that starts in skin cells that give skin its color. Melanoma can also form in the eyes, nose, mouth, genitalia, or, rarely, in the internal organs. This book focuses on treatment for melanoma that starts in the skin. Patients and those who support them—caregivers, family, and friends— may find this book helpful. It may help you discuss and decide with your doctors what care is best. Are the book chapters in a certain order? Early chapters explain concepts that are repeated in later chapters. Starting with Part 1 may be helpful for many people. It explains what melanoma is. Knowing more about this cancer may help you better understand its treatment. Part 2 explains the tests doctors use to assess for this type of cancer and plan treatment. Part 3 describes how doctors rate and describe the extent (stage) of the cancer. Part 4 describes the types of treatments that may be used. Part 5 is a guide to treatment options. Part 6 offers some helpful tips for anyone making treatment decisions. Does this book include all options? This book includes information for many situations. Thus, you will likely not get every test and treatment listed. Your treatment team can point out what applies to you and give you more information. As you read through this book, you may find it helpful to make a list of questions to ask your doctors. The recommendations in this book are based on science and the experience of NCCN experts. However, each patient is unique and these recommendations may not be right for you. Your doctors may suggest other tests or treatments based on your health and other factors. If other suggestions are given, feel free to ask your treatment team questions. Help! What do the words mean? In this book, many medical words are included. These are words you will likely hear from your treatment team. Most of these words may be new to you, and it may be a lot to learn. Don’t be discouraged as you read. Keep reading and review the information. Feel free to ask your treatment team to explain a word or phrase that you don’t understand. Words that you may not know are defined in the text or in the Dictionary . Acronyms are also defined when first used and in the Glossary . One example is CBC for c omplete b lood c ount.