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40

NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

:

Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma, Version 1.2016

Dictionary

Dictionary

18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)

A radiotracer put in your body to make cancer show up

better on certain imaging tests.

abdomen

The belly area between the chest and pelvis.

abrams needle biopsy

A biopsy with a type of needle designed to limit the amount

of air that enters tissue.

adjuvant treatment

A treatment given after the main treatment used to cure

disease.

advance directive

Written statements about your wishes for health care should

you become unable to make these wishes known at a later

time.

allergic reaction

Symptoms caused by an immune reaction—action of the

body’s natural defense against infection and disease in

response to a foreign substance in the body.

amosite asbestos

Straight, brittle, needle-like asbestos fibers.

amphibole asbestos

A group of asbestos fibers that are straight, needle-like, and

brittle.

anesthesia

Loss of feeling with or without loss of wakefulness caused

by drugs.

artery

A tube that carries blood from the heart to organs

throughout the body.

asbestos

A group of minerals made of tiny fibers that are strong,

flexible, and resistant to heat.

biopsy

Removal of small amounts of tissue or fluid to be tested for

disease.

biphasic (mixed) subtype

A mesothelioma cell subtype in which some cells are

uniform and in organized patterns (epithelioid subtype) and

some cells are spindle-shaped and in disorganized patterns

(sarcomatoid subtype).

blood vessel

A tube that circulates blood throughout the body.

board-certified

A status to identify doctors who finished training in a

specialized field of medicine.

body plethysmograph

A test that measures how much air your lungs can hold and

how much air is in your lungs after you exhale.

bronchoscope

A thin, long tube fitted with tools that is guided down the

mouth.

cancer stage

A rating or description of the growth and spread of cancer in

the body.

cardiac stress test

A test of how well your heart works during exercise.

cell subtype

Classification based on the size, shape, and structure of

cells.

cells

The building blocks of tissues in the body.

chemotherapy

Drugs that kill fast-growing cells throughout the body,

including cancer cells and normal cells.

chemotherapy cycle

Days of treatment followed by days of rest.

chest wall

The layer of muscles and bones under the skin that covers

the chest area.

chrysotile asbestos

Long, curly asbestos fibers.