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43

NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

:

Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma, Version 1.2016

Dictionary

pleural cavity

The space between the two layers of tissue lining around

the lungs.

pleural effusion

Excess fluid between the two layers of tissue lining around

the lungs.

pleural fluid

The liquid in the space between the two layers of the tissue

lining the lungs.

pleural mesothelioma

Cancer that starts in the tissue lining around the lungs.

pleural mesothelium

One layer of cells in the tissue lining around the lungs that

makes lubricating fluid.

pleural plaque

A concentrated area of scarring in the tissue lining the lungs.

pleural thickening

Widespread scarring in the tissue lining the lungs.

pleurectomy/decortication (P/D)

Surgery that removes the tumor and affected part of the

tissue lining the lung.

positron emission tomography (PET)

A test that uses radioactive material to see the shape and

function of organs and tissues inside the body.

primary treatment

The main treatment used to rid the body of cancer.

primary tumor

The first mass of cancer cells in the body.

prognosis

The likely course and outcome of a disease.

protocol

A detailed plan of a medical study, treatment, or procedure.

proton beam therapy

Radiation therapy (use of high-energy rays to destroy

cancer cells) that uses protons to treat a disease.

pulmonary function tests

A set of breathing tests to test the strength of the lungs.

pulmonologist

A doctor who’s an expert in treating lung diseases.

radiation oncologist

A doctor who’s an expert in treating cancer with radiation

(use of high-energy rays to destroy cancer cells).

radiation therapy

The use of high-energy rays to destroy cancer cells.

radiologist

A doctor who’s an expert in reading imaging tests.

radiotracer

Matter with energy that is put into the body to make pictures

clearer.

response

An outcome or improvement related to treatment.

risk factor

Something that increases the chance of getting a disease.

sarcomatoid subtype

A cell subtype of pleural mesothelioma that is less common;

cells of the sarcomatoid subtype are spindle-shaped and in

disorganized patterns.

second-line treatment

The next treatment(s) given when the first treatment fails.

sequential treatment

One treatment is given after another, rather than both being

given at the same time.

serpentine asbestos

A group of asbestos fibers that are long, curly, and unlikely

to break.

side effect

An unplanned or unwanted physical or emotional response

to treatment.

simulation

The steps needed to prepare for radiation therapy.

soluble mesothelin-related peptide (SMRP)

A protein in cells of the mesothelium (the tissue lining of

most organs in the body) that can be measured in the blood.

spine

The bones, muscles, and other tissues along the back from

the base of the skull to the tailbone.

spirometry

A test that uses a tube to measure how fast you breathe.