Table of Contents Table of Contents
Previous Page  46 / 54 Next Page
Information
Show Menu
Previous Page 46 / 54 Next Page
Page Background

44

NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

:

Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma, Version 1.2016

Dictionary

sternum

A flat bone in the center of the chest; also called the

breastbone.

supportive care

Treatment for symptoms of cancer or side effects of cancer

treatment.

surgeon

A doctor who’s an expert in operations to remove or repair a

part of the body.

surgery

An operation to remove or repair a part of the body.

surgical exploration

A procedure that looks inside your body to assess the extent

of the cancer to see if surgical treatment to remove all of the

cancer is possible.

talc pleurodesis

A medical procedure that puts powder in the area between

the two layers of tissue lining the lungs to seal the layers

together to stop fluid buildup.

thoracentesis

Use of a needle inserted between the ribs to remove fluid

around the lungs.

thoracic surgeon

A doctor who’s an expert in operating on organs inside the

chest.

thoracoscope

A thin, lighted tube with a lens and tools to view and remove

samples of tissue from the chest.

thoracoscopic biopsy

Use of thin, tube-shaped tools with a light and lens for

viewing inserted through a small cut in the chest to remove

tissue to test for disease. Also called VATS biopsy.

three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy

(3D-CRT)

Radiation therapy (use of high-energy rays to destroy

cancer cells) that uses beams that match the shape of the

tumor.

tomotherapy

A type of intensity-modulated radiation therapy (use of high-

energy rays to destroy cancer cells) that takes pictures of

the tumor and delivers radiation.

treatment plan

A written course of action through cancer treatment and

beyond.

tumor

An overgrowth of cells.

ultrasound

A test that uses sound waves to take pictures of the inside

of the body.

video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS)

biopsy

Use of thin tools inserted through one or more small cuts in

the chest to remove tissue to test for disease.

visceral pleura

The inner layer of tissue lining around the lungs.

white blood cell

A type of blood cell that fights infection.