26 NCCN Guidelines for Patients ® : Multiple Myeloma, 2018 3 Myeloma treatments Surgery Order of treatments Most people with myeloma will receive more than one type of treatment. When and why treatments are given can be hard to understand. Part 4 gives full details. Here, the terms that describe the order of treatments are explained. Primary treatmaent The first treatment given to try to rid the body of cancer. Also referred to as induction treatment. Additional treatment Treatment given after prior treatments failed to kill all of the cancer or keep it away. Also referred to as salvage treatment. Maintenance treatment Treatment given to keep cancer away after prior treatments worked well.