NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Multiple Myeloma

65 NCCN Guidelines for Patients ® : Multiple Myeloma, 2019 Words to know human leukocyte antigen (HLA) type The unique set of proteins on the surface of cells that help the body to tell its own cells apart from foreign cells. human leukocyte antigen (HLA) typing A blood test that finds a person’s HLA type—the unique set of proteins on the surface of cells that help the body to tell its own cells apart from foreign cells. hyperviscosity A condition in which the blood becomes very thick because of too many proteins in the blood. imaging test A test that makes pictures (images) of the inside of the body. immune system The body’s natural defense against infection and disease. immunoglobulin A protein that is made by plasma cells to help fight off infection. Also called antibody. inflammation Redness, heat, pain, and swelling from injury or infection. intestine The organ that food passes through after leaving the stomach. intravenous Given by a needle or tube inserted into a vein. IV intravenous kidneys A pair of organs that filter blood and remove waste from the body through urine. kyphoplasty Surgery to support the spine with a balloon-like device and a type of cement. lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) A protein found in the blood that is involved in energy production in cells. LDH lactate dehydrogenase light chain The shorter protein chain that is part of an antibody. light chain myeloma Condition in which myeloma cells make only free light chains and no complete M-proteins. Also called Bence Jones myeloma. liver Organ that removes waste from the blood. local anesthesia A controlled loss of feeling in a small area of the body caused by drugs. local therapy Treatment that affects cells in one specific area of the body only. lymphocyte A type of white blood cell that helps to protect the body from infection. lytic bone lesion An area of bone that looks as if it has been eaten away. magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan A test that uses radio waves and powerful magnets to view parts of the inside of the body and how they are working. maintenance treatment Medicine that is given in a lower dose or less often to keep (maintain) good results of prior treatments. medical history All health events and medications taken to date. MGUS monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance microscope A tool that uses lenses to see very small things the eyes can’t. mini transplant A cancer treatment that uses low doses of chemotherapy before giving the patient healthy, immature blood-forming cells (blood stem cells) taken from another person called a donor. M-protein An abnormal antibody made by myeloma cells that doesn’t fight germs. Also called monoclonal protein. MRD minimal residual disease