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12

NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

Nausea and Vomiting, Version 1.2016

2

Causes

12 What causes nausea and vomiting in

people with cancer?

13 What cancer treatments can cause

nausea and vomiting?

13 What are the types of nausea and

vomiting?

16 Review

Many things can cause

nausea and vomiting.

Part 2 looks at which cancer treatments

can cause nausea and vomiting. Nausea

and vomiting can happen before, during,

and after treatment.

What causes nausea and

vomiting in people with cancer?

Nausea and vomiting are two of the more common

side effects a person with cancer can have. It can

happen from the cancer itself, health problems

caused by cancer, and from cancer treatment.

Possible causes of nausea and vomiting in people

with cancer include:

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Anxiety

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Infection

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Balance issues

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Cancer that spreads to the brain (metastatic

cancer)

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Lack of minerals in your body (electrolyte

imbalance)

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Other drugs' side effects (for example, drugs

for pain)

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Your small intestine or large intestine (bowel)

is blocked or you are very constipated

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Food staying in your stomach too long

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Abnormal buildup of f

luid (ascites) in the belly

area (abdomen)