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36

NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

Nausea and Vomiting, Version 1.2016

Glossary

Dictionary

Dictionary

abdomen

The belly area between the chest and pelvis.

acupressure

Pressure used for healing the body.

acupuncture

Needles used for healing the body.

antiemesis

The prevention of nausea and vomiting.

antiemetic

A drug used to treat nausea and vomiting.

ascites

Abnormal buildup of fluid in the belly area (abdomen) or

pelvis.

bone marrow

The soft, sponge-like tissue found in the center of most

bones, where blood cells are formed.

bone marrow transplant

Procedure that gives blood or bone marrow stem cells

intravenously to restore cells that have been destroyed by

cancer or its treatment.

bowel

Another name for the intestine. Also called the gut.

central nervous system

The brain and spinal cord.

cerebral cortex

The thin coating that lines the cerebrum in the brain.

chemotherapy

Drugs that kill cancer cells by damaging or disrupting the life

cycle of cancer cells so they can't increase in number.

chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting

(CINV)

Nausea and vomiting brought on by chemotherapy.

clinical trial

Research study on a test or treatment to assess its safety or

how well it works.

complementary therapy

Treatment given along with standard treatment.

external beam radiation therapy

Treatment with radiation received from a machine outside

the body.

gastrointestinal (GI) tract

The group of organs through which food passes after being

eaten.

guided imagery

Focusing on positive images in your mind.

hypnosis

Trance-like state of deep relaxation.

immunotherapy

Treatment that uses the body's natural defense against

disease.

infection

An illness caused by germs.

intravenous (IV)

Receipt of a substance by a needle inserted into a vein.

intramuscular (IM)

Receipt of a substance by an injection into a muscle.

intravenous (IV) chemotherapy

Drugs given by a needle or tube inserted into a vein.

large intestine

The digestive organ that prepares unused food to leave the

body.

long-term side effect

An unhealthy or unpleasant physical or emotional response

to treatment that continues for months or years after finishing

treatment.

medical history

All health events and medications taken to date.

metastatic

Containing cancer cells that have spread from the first tumor.

music therapy

Therapy using music.