NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma
55 NCCN Guidelines for Patients ® : Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma, 2017 Dictionary Dictionary adrenal gland A small organ on top of each kidney that makes hormones. allogeneic blood stem cell transplant A cancer treatment that destroys bone marrow then replaces it by adding healthy blood stem cells from a donor. anesthesia Loss of feeling with or without loss of wakefulness that is caused by drugs. antibody A protein made by white blood cells that helps fight off infection. Also called an immunoglobulin. antigen Any substance that activates the immune system. autologous blood stem cell transplant A cancer treatment that destroys bone marrow then replaces it by adding healthy blood stem cells from the patient. Also called an HDT/ASCR (high-dose therapy with autologous stem cell rescue). B symptoms Fevers, heavy night sweats, and weight loss without dieting caused by B-cell cancers. B-cell One of three types of a white blood cell called a lymphocyte. beta-2 microglobulin A small protein made by many types of cells. biopsy Removal of small amounts of tissue or fluid to be tested for disease. bone marrow Soft, sponge-like tissue in the center of most bones where blood cells are made. bone marrow aspiration Removal of a small amount of bone marrow that is liquid to test for disease. bone marrow biopsy Removal of a small amount of solid bone and bone marrow to test for disease. cancer stage A rating of tumors that suggest the outlook of the disease. chemotherapy Drugs that stop the life cycle of cells so they don’t increase in number. chromosome Strands of genetic material inside of cells. chyle A fatty liquid absorbed from the gut into the lymphatic system. clinical trial Research on a test or treatment to assess its safety or how well it works. complete blood count (CBC) A test of the number of blood cells in a sample. comprehensive metabolic panel Tests of up to 14 chemicals in your blood. computed tomography (CT) A test that uses x-rays to view body parts. consolidation treatment Extra treatment given to kill any remaining cancer cells. contrast A dye put into your body to make clearer pictures during imaging tests. deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) A chain of chemicals inside cells that contains coded instructions for making and controlling cells. diagnose To identify a disease. diaphragm A sheet of muscles below the ribs that helps a person to breathe. differential Measurement of the different types of white blood cells present in a blood sample.