NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Follicular Lymphoma Grade 1-2
34 NCCN Guidelines for Patients ® : Follicular Lymphoma, Grade 1–2, 2017 3 Overview of cancer treatments Review Review Immunotherapy improves your body’s ability to find and destroy cancer cells. Immunomodulators treat lymphoma by modifying your immune system and by other means. Chemotherapy stops the life cycle of cancer cells so they can’t increase in number. Some steroids have anti-lymphoma effects and may be used with chemotherapy. Targeted therapy for lymphoma stops certain growth signals within cancer cells. Ibritumomab tiuxetan attaches to cancer cells then releases radiation to kill them. Involved-site radiation therapy kills cancer within lymph nodes and nearby cells by damaging DNA. A blood stem cell transplant treats lymphoma by giving a person healthy blood stem cells. Clinical trials give people access to new tests and treatments that otherwise can’t usually be received. These new tests and treatments may in time be approved by the FDA. Complementary and alternative medicine CAM ( c omplementary and a lternative m edicine) is a group of treatments that aren’t often given by doctors. There is much interest today in CAM for cancer. Many CAMs are being studied to see if they are truly helpful. Complementary medicines are treatments given along with usual medical treatments. While CAMs aren’t known to kill cancer cells, they may improve your comfort and well- being. Two examples are acupuncture for pain management and yoga for relaxation. Alternative medicine is used in place of usual medicine. Some alternative medicines are sold as cures even though they haven’t been proven to work in clinical trials. If there was good proof that CAMs or other treatments cured cancer, they would be included in this book. It is important to tell your treatment team if you are using any CAMs. They can tell you which CAMs may be helpful and which CAMs may limit how well medical treatments work.