NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Mantle Cell Lymphoma
37 NCCN Guidelines for Patients ® : Mantle Cell Lymphoma, 2019 Words to know Words to know allogeneic stem cell transplant A cancer treatment that replaces abnormal blood stem cells with healthy donor cells. Also called allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant. autologous blood stem cell transplant A cancer treatment that destroys cancer cells with intense treatment then rebuilds destroyed bone marrow with your own healthy blood stem cells. Also called an HDT/ASCR (high-dose therapy with autologous stem cell rescue). B cell A type of a white blood cell called a lymphocyte. Also called B-lymphocyte. B symptoms Fevers, heavy night sweats, and weight loss without dieting caused by B-cell cancers. beta-2 microglobulin A small protein made by many types of cells. biopsy A procedure that removes fluid or tissue samples to be tested for a disease. bone marrow The sponge-like tissue in the center of most bones. bone marrow aspiration A procedure that removes a liquid bone marrow sample to test for a disease. bone marrow biopsy A procedure that removes bone and solid bone marrow samples to test for a disease. cancer stage A rating of the outlook of a cancer based on its growth and spread. chemotherapy Cancer drugs that stop the cell life cycle so cells don’t increase in number. chromosome The structures within cells that contain coded instructions for cell behavior (genes). clinical trial A type of research that assesses how well health tests or treatments work in people. colonoscopy A procedure to look inside the colon with a device that is guided through the anus. complete blood count (CBC) A lab test that measures the number of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. complete response An absence of all signs and symptoms of cancer after treatment. computed tomography (CT) A test that uses x-rays from many angles to make a picture of the insides of the body. consolidation A treatment phase to further reduce the number of cancer cells. contrast A dye put into your body to make clearer pictures during imaging tests. corticosteroid A drug used to reduce redness, swelling, and pain, but also to kill cancer cells. deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) A chain of chemicals in cells that contains coded instructions for making and controlling cells. diagnosis An identification of an illness based on tests. differential A lab test of the number of white blood cells for each type. echocardiogram A test that uses sound waves to make pictures of the heart. endoscopy A procedure to work inside the digestive tract with a device that is guided through natural openings. fertility specialist An expert who helps people to have babies. flow cytometry A lab test of substances on the surface of cells to identify the type of cells present.