NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Mantle Cell Lymphoma
38 NCCN Guidelines for Patients ® : Mantle Cell Lymphoma, 2019 Words to know fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) A lab test that uses special dyes to look for abnormal chromosomes and genes. FNA fine-needle aspiration gastrointestinal (GI) tract The group of organs through which food passes after being eaten. Also called digestive tract. gene Coded instructions in cells for making new cells and controlling how cells behave. HDT-ASCR high-dose therapy-autologous stem cell rescue imaging A test that makes pictures (images) of the insides of the body. immune system The body’s natural defense against infection and disease. immunohistochemistry (IHC) A lab test of cancer cells to find specific cell traits involved in abnormal cell growth. immunomodulator A cancer drug that modifies some parts of the body’s disease-fighting system. immunotherapy A treatment with drugs that may help the body find and destroy cancer cells. induction The first treatment that is given to greatly reduce the extent of cancer. involved-site radiation therapy (ISRT) Treatment with radiation that is delivered to lymph nodes and nearby sites with cancer. karyotype A lab test that makes a map of chromosomes to find defects. kinase inhibitor A drug that blocks the transfer of phosphate. lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) A protein that helps to make energy in cells. lumbar puncture A procedure that removes spinal fluid with a needle. lymph A clear fluid containing white blood cells. lymph node A small, bean-shaped, disease-fighting structure. lymph system A network of organs and vessels that collects and transports a fluid called lymph. lymphocyte One of three main types of white blood cells that help protect the body from illness. lymphoma A cancer of white blood cells called lymphocytes that are within the lymph system. maintenance A treatment phase that is given to prolong good treatment results. mantle zone A ring of resting B-cells within disease-fighting structures called lymph nodes. MCL mantle cell lymphoma medical history A report of all your health events and medications. monoclonal antibody A type of cancer drug that stops growth signals. multigated acquisition (MUGA) scan A test that uses radiation to make pictures of the heart. mutation An abnormal change. physical exam A study of the body by a health expert for signs of disease. positron emission tomography (PET) A test that uses radioactive material to see the shape and function of body parts. prognosis The likely course and outcome of a disease based on tests. radiation therapy A treatment that uses intense energy to kill cancer cells.