NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Mantle Cell Lymphoma

56 NCCN Guidelines for Patients ® : Mantle Cell Lymphoma, 2017 Dictionary endoscopy Use of a thin, long tool that is guided into the digestive track to view or remove tissue. external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) Treatment with radiation that is delivered by a machine into the body. fatigue Severe tiredness despite getting enough sleep that limits one’s ability to function. fertility specialist An expert who helps men and women have babies. flow cytometry A test that looks at certain substances on the surface of cells to identify the type of cells present. fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) A lab test that uses special dyes to look for abnormal chromosomes. four-dimensional computed tomography (4D-CT) A CT scan that can show the movement of organs. gastrointestinal (GI) tract The group of organs through which food passes after being eaten. gene Instructions in cells for making and controlling cells. general anesthesia A controlled loss of wakefulness from drugs. germinal center A short-lived structure that forms within a lymphatic organ in response to germs. human leukocyte antigen (HLA) typing A blood test that finds a person’s unique set of proteins on cells. image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT) Radiation therapy that uses imaging tests during treatment to better target the tumor. imaging test A test that makes pictures (images) of the inside of the body. immune system The body’s natural defense against infection. immunochemotherapy The use of both chemotherapy and other drugs that trigger a response from the immune system. immunohistochemistry (IHC) A test of cancer cells to find specific cell traits involved in abnormal cell growth. immunomodulator A type of drug that modifies some parts of the body’s disease-fighting system. intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) Radiation therapy that uses small beams of different strengths based on the thickness of the tissue. involved-site radiation therapy (ISRT) Treatment with high-energy rays (radiation) that is delivered to lymph nodes and nearby sites with cancer. karyotype A test that uses a microscope to examine a cell’s chromosomes. kinase inhibitor Cancer treatment that stops the transfer of phosphates, which blocks growth signals to cancer cells. lactate dehydrogenase A protein that helps to make energy in cells. liver Organ that removes waste from the blood and helps to digest food. local anesthesia A controlled loss of feeling in a small area of the body caused by drugs. lumbar puncture A procedure in which a thin needle is inserted between the bones of the spine to remove a sample of spinal fluid or give drugs into the spinal fluid. lymph A clear fluid containing white blood cells. lymph node Small groups of special disease-fighting cells located throughout the body. lymph vessel Tube-shaped ducts that carry lymph throughout the body.