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66

NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

Mycosis Fungoides, Version 1.2016

Glossary

Dictionary

Dictionary

allogeneic stem cell transplant

A cancer treatment that replaces blood stem cells with donor

stem cells, which in turn make a new immune system and

attack the lymphoma.

autologous stem cell transplant

A cancer treatment that destroys cancer cells with high

doses of chemotherapy then rebuilds destroyed bone

marrow with your own healthy blood stem cells. Also called

an HDT/ASCR (

h

igh-

d

ose

t

herapy with

a

utologous

s

tem

c

ell

r

escue).

B-cell

One of three types of a white blood cell called a lymphocyte.

biopsy

Removal of small amounts of tissue or fluid to be tested for

disease.

bone marrow

Soft, sponge-like tissue in the center of most bones where

blood cells are made.

bone marrow biopsy

Removal of a small amount of solid bone and bone marrow

to test for disease.

cancer stage

Ratings of tumors that suggest the outlook of the disease.

chemotherapy

Drugs that stop the life cycle of cells so new cells aren’t

made.

chromosome

Strands of genetic material inside of cells.

chyle

A fatty liquid absorbed from the gut into the lymphatic

system.

clinical trial

Research on a test or treatment to assess its safety or how

well it works.

complete blood count (CBC)

A test of the number of blood cells in a sample.

comprehensive metabolic panel

Tests of up to 14 chemicals in your blood.

computed tomography (CT)

A test that uses x-rays to view body parts.

contrast

A dye put into your body to make clearer pictures during

imaging tests.

core needle biopsy

Removal of small samples of solid tissue with a needle.

deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)

A chain of chemicals inside cells that contains coded

instructions for making and controlling cells.

diagnose

To identify a disease.

erythroderma

A reddening of most or all of the skin.

excisional biopsy

Removal of an entire tumor and some surrounding tissue

with a surgical knife.

extracorporeal photopheresis

Treatment that consists of removing white blood cells from

the body, exposing them to psoralen then UVB rays, and

returning the treated cell back into the body.

fatigue

Severe tiredness despite getting enough sleep that limits

one’s ability to function.

flow cytometry

A test that looks at certain substances on the surface of cells

to identify the type of cells present.

folliculotropic mycosis fungoides

A fast-growing subtype that grows around hair follicles.

gene

Instructions in cells for making and controlling cells.

gene rearrangement

The fusion of parts from two genes that creates a new gene.