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68

NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

Mycosis Fungoides, Version 1.2016

Glossary

Dictionary

psoralen and UVA (PUVA)

Treatment with UVA rays to psoralen-exposed skin.

punch biopsy

Removal of a skin sample using a sharp hollow device.

radiation therapy

The use of radiation to treat cancer.

retinoid

A drug that enters cells and attaches to a specific type of

protein, which in turn causes cell death.

sedative

A drug that helps a person to relax or go to sleep.

Sézary cell

A cell with one, round nucleus that is shaped like the first

layer of the brain.

Sézary syndrome

A lymphoma that presents with reddening of most of the skin

and very high numbers of Sézary cells in the blood.

shave biopsy

Removal of a skin sample from the first and part of the

second skin layers.

side effect

An unplanned physical or emotional response to treatment.

spleen

An organ to the left of the stomach that helps protect the

body from disease.

stem cell transplant

A cancer treatment that destroys bone marrow then replaces

it by adding healthy blood stem cells.

steroid

A drug used to reduce redness, swelling, and pain, but also

to kill cancer cells.

supportive care

Treatment for the symptoms or health conditions caused by

cancer or cancer treatment.

systemic treatment

Treatment that is absorbed into the body to treat cancer

anywhere.

targeted therapy

Drugs that stop the growth process that is specific to cancer

cells.

T-cell

One of three types of a white blood cell called a lymphocyte.

thymus

A gland located behind the breastbone.

tonsil

A group of tissue within the throat that contains many white

blood cells called lymphocytes and fights germs that enter

the mouth and nose.

total skin electron beam therapy (TSEBT)

Treatment with high-energy rays (radiation) given to

widespread cancer close to the skin’s surface.

UVB phototherapy

Treatment with UVB rays to limited areas of skin cancer.