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NCCN Guidelines for Patients


Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma, Version 1.2016


Overview of cancer treatments Stem cell transplant

be frozen and stored to keep them alive until the

transplant. This process is called cryopreservation.

High-dose chemotherapy

Before the autologous transplant, you will receive

high doses of chemotherapy. High doses are given

to kill any cancer cells that may remain after prior

treatment. Chemotherapy is often received for several

days. The transplant will occur 1 or 2 days later to

allow the chemotherapy to clear from your body.

Otherwise, the chemotherapy could damage the

healthy stem cells.

Transplanting your stem cells

After chemotherapy, you will receive your healthy

stem cells through a transfusion. A transfusion is a

slow injection of blood products through a central

line into a large vein. A central line (or central venous

catheter) is a thin tube. The tube will be inserted into

your skin through one cut and into your vein through

a second cut. Local anesthesia is used. This process

can take several hours to complete.

The transplanted stem cells will travel to your bone

marrow and grow. New, healthy blood cells will form.

This is called engraftment. It usually takes about 2 to

4 weeks.

Until then, you will have little or no immune defense.

You will need to stay in a very clean room at the

hospital. You may be given an antibiotic to prevent or

treat infection. You may also be given a blood platelet

transfusion to prevent bleeding and blood transfusion

to treat low red blood counts (anemia). While waiting

for the cells to engraft, you will likely feel tired and