NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma, Version 1.2016
Overview of cancer treatments Stem cell transplant
be frozen and stored to keep them alive until the
transplant. This process is called cryopreservation.
Before the autologous transplant, you will receive
high doses of chemotherapy. High doses are given
to kill any cancer cells that may remain after prior
treatment. Chemotherapy is often received for several
days. The transplant will occur 1 or 2 days later to
allow the chemotherapy to clear from your body.
Otherwise, the chemotherapy could damage the
healthy stem cells.
Transplanting your stem cells
After chemotherapy, you will receive your healthy
stem cells through a transfusion. A transfusion is a
slow injection of blood products through a central
line into a large vein. A central line (or central venous
catheter) is a thin tube. The tube will be inserted into
your skin through one cut and into your vein through
a second cut. Local anesthesia is used. This process
can take several hours to complete.
The transplanted stem cells will travel to your bone
marrow and grow. New, healthy blood cells will form.
This is called engraftment. It usually takes about 2 to
Until then, you will have little or no immune defense.
You will need to stay in a very clean room at the
hospital. You may be given an antibiotic to prevent or
treat infection. You may also be given a blood platelet
transfusion to prevent bleeding and blood transfusion
to treat low red blood counts (anemia). While waiting
for the cells to engraft, you will likely feel tired and