Table of Contents Table of Contents
Previous Page  74 / 86 Next Page
Information
Show Menu
Previous Page 74 / 86 Next Page
Page Background

72

NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma, Version 1.2016

Glossary

Dictionary

Dictionary

allogeneic stem cell transplant

A cancer treatment that replaces blood stem cells with donor

stem cells which in turn make a new immune system and

attack the lymphoma.

anesthesia

Loss of feeling with or without loss of wakefulness that is

caused by drugs.

antigen

Any substance that activates the immune system.

autologous stem cell transplant

A cancer treatment that destroys cancer cells with high

doses of chemotherapy then rebuilds destroyed bone

marrow with your own healthy blood stem cells. Also called

an HDT/ASCR (high-dose therapy with autologous stem cell

rescue).

B symptoms

Fevers, heavy night sweats, and weight loss without dieting

caused by B-cell cancers.

B-cell

One of three types of a white blood cell called a lymphocyte.

biopsy

Removal of small amounts of tissue or fluid to be tested for

disease.

bone marrow

Soft, sponge-like tissue in the center of most bones where

blood cells are made.

bone marrow biopsy

Removal of a small amount of solid bone and bone marrow

to test for disease.

cancer stage

Ratings of tumors that suggest the outlook of the disease.

chemotherapy

Drugs that stop the life cycle of cells so they don’t increase in

number.

chromosome

Strands of genetic material inside of cells.

chyle

A fatty liquid absorbed from the gut into the lymphatic

system.

clinical trial

Research on a test or treatment to assess its safety or how

well it works.

complete blood count (CBC)

A test of the number of blood cells in a sample.

comprehensive metabolic panel

Tests of up to 14 chemicals in your blood.

computed tomography (CT)

A test that uses x-rays to view body parts.

contrast

A dye put into your body to make clearer pictures during

imaging tests.

deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)

A chain of chemicals inside cells that contains coded

instructions for making and controlling cells.

diagnose

To identify a disease.

diaphragm

A sheet of muscles below the ribs that helps a person to

breathe.

differential

Measurement of the different types of white blood cells

present in a blood sample.

echocardiogram

A test that uses sound waves to make pictures of the heart.

external beam radiation therapy (EBRT)

Treatment with radiation that is delivered by a machine into

the body.

fatigue

Severe tiredness despite getting enough sleep that limits

one’s ability to function.

fertility specialist

An expert who helps men and women have babies.