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8

NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

:

Ovarian Cancer, Version 1.2017

Figure 1

The female reproductive system

The reproductive system is a group of organs that work together to make babies. The female

reproductive system includes the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix, and vagina.

1

Ovarian cancer

The ovaries

Learning that you have cancer can be

overwhelming and confusing. Part 1

explains some basics about ovarian

cancer that may help you better

understand this disease. This information

may also help you start planning for

treatment.

The ovaries

The ovaries are a pair of organs that are part of

the reproductive system in women (females). The

reproductive system is the group of organs that work

together to make babies. In women, this system

includes the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix,

and vagina. Each ovary is about the size and shape

of a grape. They are located in the pelvis—the area

below the belly (abdomen) between the hip bones.

One ovary is on the left side of the uterus and one

is on the right. Each ovary is connected to the

uterus by a long, thin tube called a fallopian tube.

See Figure 1.

Ovary

Uterus

Ovary

Cervix

Vagina

Fallopian tube

Fallopian tube

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