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42

NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

:

Ovarian Cancer, Version 1.2017

4

Cancer treatments

Review

Clinical trials go through levels or phases of testing.

These phases help move the research along to find

out what works best for patients with cancer.

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†

Phase I

looks at how much drug to give, its side

effects, and how often to give the treatment.

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†

Phase II

also tests for side effects and how it

works on a particular cancer type.

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Phase III

compares the new treatment (or new

use of treatment) to what is commonly used.

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Phase IV

follows late side effects and if the

treatment still works after a long period.

All clinical trials have a plan and are carefully led by

a medical team. Patients in a clinical trial are often

alike with their cancer type and general health. You

can join a clinical trial when you meet certain terms

(eligibility criteria).

If you decide to join a trial, you will need to review

and sign a paper called an informed consent

form. This form describes the clinical trial in detail,

including the risks and benefits. Even after you sign

consent, you can stop taking part in a clinical trial at

any time.

Some benefits of a clinical trial:

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You’ll have access to the most current cancer

care

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You will be closely watched by your medical

team

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You may help other patients with cancer

Some risks of a clinical trial:

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Like any test or treatment, there may be side

effects

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New tests or treatments may not work

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You may have to visit the hospital more

Ask your doctor or nurse if a clinical trial may be an

option for you. It is very important to keep an open

mind about clinical trials and talk to your medical

care team about the best option for you. There

may be clinical trials available where you’re getting

treatment or at other treatment centers nearby. You

can also find clinical trials through the websites listed

in Part 7,

Resources

.

Review

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†

Primary treatment is the main treatment used to

rid the body of cancer.

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Surgery is often used as primary treatment for

ovarian cancer.

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Chemotherapy drugs kill fast-growing cells,

including cancer cells and normal cells.

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Targeted therapy drugs target a specific or

unique feature of cancer cells.

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Hormone therapy stops the body from making

certain hormones or stops the action of the

hormones.

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A clinical trial studies a test or treatment to see

how safe it is and how well it works.