NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Ovarian Cancer, Version 1.2017
Clinical trials go through levels or phases of testing.
These phases help move the research along to find
out what works best for patients with cancer.
looks at how much drug to give, its side
effects, and how often to give the treatment.
also tests for side effects and how it
works on a particular cancer type.
compares the new treatment (or new
use of treatment) to what is commonly used.
follows late side effects and if the
treatment still works after a long period.
All clinical trials have a plan and are carefully led by
a medical team. Patients in a clinical trial are often
alike with their cancer type and general health. You
can join a clinical trial when you meet certain terms
If you decide to join a trial, you will need to review
and sign a paper called an informed consent
form. This form describes the clinical trial in detail,
including the risks and benefits. Even after you sign
consent, you can stop taking part in a clinical trial at
Some benefits of a clinical trial:
You’ll have access to the most current cancer
You will be closely watched by your medical
You may help other patients with cancer
Some risks of a clinical trial:
Like any test or treatment, there may be side
New tests or treatments may not work
You may have to visit the hospital more
Ask your doctor or nurse if a clinical trial may be an
option for you. It is very important to keep an open
mind about clinical trials and talk to your medical
care team about the best option for you. There
may be clinical trials available where you’re getting
treatment or at other treatment centers nearby. You
can also find clinical trials through the websites listed
in Part 7,
Primary treatment is the main treatment used to
rid the body of cancer.
Surgery is often used as primary treatment for
Chemotherapy drugs kill fast-growing cells,
including cancer cells and normal cells.
Targeted therapy drugs target a specific or
unique feature of cancer cells.
Hormone therapy stops the body from making
certain hormones or stops the action of the
A clinical trial studies a test or treatment to see
how safe it is and how well it works.