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89

NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

:

Ovarian Cancer, Version 1.2017

Dictionary

Dictionary

abdomen

The belly area between the chest and pelvis.

adjuvant treatment

Treatment given after the main treatment used to rid the

body of disease.

allergic reaction

Symptoms caused when the body is trying to rid itself of

invaders.

ascites

Abnormal fluid buildup in the belly (abdomen) or pelvis.

bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO)

Surgery to remove both ovaries and both fallopian tubes.

biochemical relapse

A rise in CA-125 levels signals that cancer has come back

after treatment.

biopsy

Removal of small amounts of tissue from the body to be

tested for disease.

bladder

An organ that holds and expels urine from the body.

blood chemistry profile

A test that measures the amounts of many different

chemicals in a sample of blood.

blood vessel

A tube that carries blood throughout the body.

borderline epithelial tumor (low malignant

potential [LMP]

A tumor formed by abnormal cells that start in the epithelial

cells of the ovary. This tumor type is slow growing and does

not invade other tissue.

BRCA1

or

BRCA2

genes

Coded information in cells that help to prevent tumor growth

by fixing damaged cells and helping cells grow normally.

Abnormal changes within these genes increases the

chances of developing breast and ovarian cancer.

cancer antigen 125 (CA-125)

A protein with sugar molecules on it that is made by ovarian

cancer cells and normal cells.

cancer grade

A rating of how much the cancer cells look like normal cells.

cancer stage

A rating of the growth and spread of cancer in the body.

cancer staging

The process of rating and describing the extent of cancer in

the body.

capsule

A thin layer of tissue that surrounds an organ—like the skin

of an apple.

cell subtype

Smaller groups that at type of cancer is divided into based

on how the cancer cells look under a microscope.

cervix

The lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina.

chemotherapy

Drugs that kill fast-growing cells throughout the body,

including normal cells and cancer cells.

chest x-ray

A test that uses x-rays to make pictures of the inside of the

chest.

clear cell

One of the four main cell subtypes of ovarian cancer.

clinical relapse

Physical signs or symptoms signal that cancer has come

back after treatment.

clinical trial

Research on a test or treatment to assess its safety or how

well it works.

combination regimen

The use of two or more drugs.

complete blood count (CBC)

A test of the number of blood cells.