NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Ovarian Cancer, Version 1.2017
The belly area between the chest and pelvis.
Treatment given after the main treatment used to rid the
body of disease.
Symptoms caused when the body is trying to rid itself of
Abnormal fluid buildup in the belly (abdomen) or pelvis.
bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO)
Surgery to remove both ovaries and both fallopian tubes.
A rise in CA-125 levels signals that cancer has come back
Removal of small amounts of tissue from the body to be
tested for disease.
An organ that holds and expels urine from the body.
blood chemistry profile
A test that measures the amounts of many different
chemicals in a sample of blood.
A tube that carries blood throughout the body.
borderline epithelial tumor (low malignant
A tumor formed by abnormal cells that start in the epithelial
cells of the ovary. This tumor type is slow growing and does
not invade other tissue.
Coded information in cells that help to prevent tumor growth
by fixing damaged cells and helping cells grow normally.
Abnormal changes within these genes increases the
chances of developing breast and ovarian cancer.
cancer antigen 125 (CA-125)
A protein with sugar molecules on it that is made by ovarian
cancer cells and normal cells.
A rating of how much the cancer cells look like normal cells.
A rating of the growth and spread of cancer in the body.
The process of rating and describing the extent of cancer in
A thin layer of tissue that surrounds an organ—like the skin
of an apple.
Smaller groups that at type of cancer is divided into based
on how the cancer cells look under a microscope.
The lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina.
Drugs that kill fast-growing cells throughout the body,
including normal cells and cancer cells.
A test that uses x-rays to make pictures of the inside of the
One of the four main cell subtypes of ovarian cancer.
Physical signs or symptoms signal that cancer has come
back after treatment.
Research on a test or treatment to assess its safety or how
well it works.
The use of two or more drugs.
complete blood count (CBC)
A test of the number of blood cells.