NCCN Guidelines for Patients® | Ovarian Cancer
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NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

:

Ovarian Cancer, Version 1.2017

Dictionary

complete response

All signs and symptoms of cancer are gone after treatment.

completion surgery

Surgery to remove the remaining ovary, fallopian tube,

uterus, and all cancer that can be seen.

computed tomography (CT) scan

A test that uses x-rays from many angles to make a picture

of the inside of the body.

contrast

A dye put into your body to make clearer pictures during

imaging tests.

cycle

Days of treatment followed by days of rest.

cytoreductive surgery

Surgery to remove as much cancer as possible. Also called

debulking surgery.

debulking surgery

Surgery to remove as much cancer as possible. Also called

cytoreductive surgery.

deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)

Molecules that contain coded instructions for making and

controlling cells.

diagnose

To identify a disease.

diagnosis

The process of identifying or confirming a disease.

diaphragm

The muscles below the ribs that help a person to breathe.

epithelial cells

Cells that form the outer layer of tissue around organs in the

body.

epithelial ovarian cancer

Cancer that starts in the cells that form the outer layer of

tissue around the ovaries.

fallopian tube

A thin tube through which an egg travels from the ovary to

the uterus.

fatigue

Severe tiredness despite getting enough sleep.

fertility-sparing surgery

Surgery that only removes one ovary and fallopian tube so

that a woman can still have babies.

follow-up test

Tests done after the start of treatment to check how well

treatment is working.

gastrointestinal (GI) evaluation

A test to view the organs that food passes through when you

eat.

gastrointestinal tract

The group of organs that food passes through when you

eat.

general anesthesia

A controlled loss of wakefulness from drugs.

genes

A set of coded instructions in cells for making new cells and

controlling how cells behave.

genetic counseling

A discussion with a health expert about the risk for a

disease caused by changes in genes.

genetic counselor

A health expert that has special training to help patients

understand changes in genes that are related to disease.

genetic testing

Tests to look for changes in coded instructions (genes) that

increase the risk for a disease.

germ cell

Reproductive cells that become eggs in women and sperm

in men.

gynecologic oncologist

A surgeon who’s an expert in cancers that start in a

woman’s reproductive organs.

hereditary ovarian cancer

Ovarian cancer caused by abnormal coded information in

cells that is passed down from parent to child.

hormone

Chemicals in the body that activate cells or organs.