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91

NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

:

Ovarian Cancer, Version 1.2017

Dictionary

hormone therapy

Treatment that stops the making or action of hormones in

the body.

hot flashes

A health condition of intense body heat and sweat for short

periods.

hysterectomy

Surgery to remove the uterus.

imaging test

Tests that make pictures (images) of the inside of the body.

implant

Cancer cells that broke away from the first tumor and

formed new tumors on the surface of nearby organs and

tissues.

infusion

A method of giving drugs slowly through a needle into a

vein.

intestine

The organ that eaten food passes through after leaving the

stomach.

intraperitoneal (IP) chemotherapy

Chemotherapy drugs given directly into the belly (abdomen)

through a small tube.

intraperitoneal (IP)

Given directly into the belly (abdomen) through a small tube.

intravenous (IV) chemotherapy

Chemotherapy drugs given through a needle or tube

inserted into a vein.

intravenous (IV)

Given by a needle or tube inserted into a vein.

invasion

When one kind of cell grows into organs or tissues where it

doesn’t belong.

invasive implant

Cancer cells that broke away from the first tumor and are

growing into (invading) supporting tissue of nearby organs.

kidneys

A pair of organs that filter blood and remove waste from the

body through urine.

laparotomy

Surgery with a long, up-and-down cut through the wall of the

belly (abdomen).

large intestine

The organ that prepares unused food for leaving the body.

liver

An organ that removes waste from blood and makes a liquid

that helps to digest food.

liver function test

A blood test that measures chemicals that are made or

processed by the liver to check how well the liver is working.

lymph

A clear fluid containing white blood cells that fight infection

and disease.

lymph nodes

Small groups of special disease-fighting cells located

throughout the body.

lymph vessels

Small tubes that carry lymph—a clear fluid with white blood

cells that fight infection and disease—throughout the body.

Lynch syndrome

Abnormal changes within genes that increase the chances

of developing Colon, rectum, endometrial, ovarian, and

other cancers. It is also called heredity non-polyposis

colorectal cancer syndrome (HNPCC).

magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan

A test that uses radio waves and powerful magnets to make

pictures of the inside of the body.

maintenance treatment

Treatment given to continue (maintain) good results of prior

treatment.

medical history

All health events and medications taken to date.

medical oncologist

A doctor who is an expert in treating cancer with drugs such

as chemotherapy.

menopause

The point in time when menstrual periods end.

menstrual cycle

Changes in the womb and ovaries that prepare a woman’s

body for pregnancy.