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92

NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

:

Ovarian Cancer, Version 1.2017

Dictionary

metastases

Tumors formed by cancer cells that have spread from the

first tumor to other parts of the body.

metastasis

The spread of cancer cells from the first tumor to another

body part.

microscope

A tool that uses lenses to see very small things the eyes

can’t.

microscopic metastases

Cancer cells that have spread from the first tumor to another

body part and are too small to be seen with the naked eye.

mutation

An abnormal change in the instructions in cells for making

and controlling cells.

neuropathy

A nerve problem that causes pain, tingling, and numbness in

the hands and feet.

noninvasive implant

Cancer cells that broke away from the first tumor and

are growing on the surface of nearby organs, but are not

growing into (invading) tissue.

observation

A period of testing to watch for cancer growth.

omentum

The layer of fatty tissue that covers organs in the belly

(abdomen).

ovaries

The pair of organs in women that make eggs for

reproduction (making babies) and make hormones.

ovary

One of a pair of organs in women that make eggs for

reproduction (making babies) and make hormones.

partial response

Cancer improved as a result of treatment—tests show a

decrease in the amount of cancer, tumor size, or CA-125

levels—but it’s not completely gone.

pathologist

A doctor who’s an expert in testing cells and tissue to find

disease.

pelvic exam

A medical exam of the female organs in the pelvis.

pelvis

The body area between the hip bones.

peritoneal cavity

The space inside the belly (abdomen) that contains

abdominal organs such as the intestines, stomach, and liver.

peritoneal washing

A test in which a special liquid is used to wash the inside of

the belly (peritoneal cavity) to check for cancer cells.

peritoneal washings

Sample of liquid that is tested for cancer cells after it is used

to “wash” the inside of the belly (peritoneal cavity).

peritoneum

The layer of tissue that lines the inside of the belly

(abdomen) and pelvis and covers most organs in this space.

persistent disease

Cancer that stayed the same—didn’t get better or worse—

during treatment.

physical exam

A review of the body by a health expert for signs of disease.

platinum agent

A cancer drug that is made with platinum. These drugs

damage DNA in cells, which stops them from making new

cells and causes them to die.

platinum-based chemotherapy

Treatment with two or more chemotherapy drugs and

the main drug is made with platinum. Such drugs include

cisplatin and carboplatin.

platinum-resistant

When cancer drugs made with platinum, such as cisplatin

and carboplatin, do not work well against the cancer.

platinum-sensitive

When cancer drugs made with platinum, such as cisplatin

and carboplatin, work well against the cancer.

poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP)

A protein that helps repair damaged DNA in cells.

positron emission tomography (PET) scan

A test that uses a sugar radiotracer—a form of sugar that is

put into your body and lets off a small amount of energy that

is absorbed by active cells—to view the shape and function

of organs and tissues inside your body.