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NCCN Guidelines for Patients



Ovarian Cancer, Version 1.2017


positron emission tomography (PET)/computed

tomography (CT) scan

A test that uses a sugar radiotracer and x-rays from many

angles to view the shape and function of organs and tissues

inside the body.

primary chemotherapy

The first or main chemotherapy drugs given to treat cancer.

primary treatment

The main treatment used to rid the body of cancer.

primary tumor

The first mass of cancer cells in the body.


The likely or expected course and outcome of a disease.

progressive disease

Cancer that continued to grow (progress) during or after


radiographic relapse

Imaging tests show signs that cancer has come back after



A doctor who’s an expert in reading imaging tests—tests

that make pictures of the inside of the body.


The last part of the large intestine that holds stool until it’s

expelled from the body.


The return of cancer after treatment. Also called a relapse.

recurrence treatment

Treatment that is given after prior treatments failed to kill all

the cancer or keep it away.


A treatment plan that specifies the drug(s), dose, schedule,

and length of treatment.


The return of cancer after treatment. Also called a


reproductive organs

Organs that help make babies.

reproductive system

The group of organs that work together to make babies. In

women, this includes the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus,

cervix, and vagina.


The most common cell subtype of ovarian cancer.

side effect

An unhealthy or unpleasant condition caused by treatment.

sigmoid colon

The last part of the colon—organ that changes unused food

from a liquid to a solid form—that connects to the rectum,

which holds stool until it leaves the body.

small intestine

The digestive organ that absorbs nutrients from eaten food.


An organ to the left of the stomach that helps protect the

body from disease.

stromal cell

Cells that form the connective and supporting tissues that

hold the ovary together.

sugar radiotracer

A form of sugar that is put into your body and lets off a small

amount of energy that is absorbed by active cells.

supportive care

Treatment given to relieve the symptoms of a disease. Also

called palliative care.


A doctor who is an expert in operations to remove or repair

a part of the body.


An operation to remove or repair a part of the body.

surgical staging

The process of finding out how far cancer has spread by

performing tests and procedures during surgery to remove

the cancer.

surgical treatment

Treatment with surgery—an operation to remove or repair a

part of the body.


A new or changed health problem a person experiences that

may indicate a certain disease or health condition.

targeted therapy

Treatment with drugs that target a specific or unique feature

of cancer cells.