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71

NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

:

Pancreatic Cancer, Version 1.2017

Dictionary

CT-guided FNA biopsy

Use of pictures from a CT (computed tomography) scan to

guide a thin needle to the right spot to remove a sample of

tissue from the body for testing.

diabetes

A disease that causes high levels of sugar (glucose) in the

blood.

diagnose

To identify a disease.

distal pancreatectomy

Surgery that removes the widest part (body) and narrow end

(tail) of the pancreas as well as other nearby organs.

distant metastasis

Cancer cells that have spread from the first tumor to a

distant (far away) part of the body.

duct

A small tube or vessel in the body that fluids pass through.

ductal adenocarcinoma

Cancer of the cells that line the pancreatic ducts, small

tubes that fluids pass through, and make proteins that digest

food.

duodenal bypass

Surgery to re-route the path that eaten food takes from the

stomach to the small intestine, which absorbs nutrients from

food.

duodenum

The first part of the small intestine, which absorbs nutrients

from eaten food.

endocrine cells

Cells that make hormones, chemicals that activate cells or

organs.

endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography

(ERCP)

A test that uses x-rays and a thin, lighted tube that is

inserted into the body to see the pancreatic ducts and bile

ducts.

endoscope

A thin, long tube with a light and camera lens at the end that

is inserted through the mouth to take pictures of the inside

of the body.

endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)

A test that uses a thin, lighted tube guided through the

mouth and down the throat to take pictures of the inside of

the body using sound waves.

enzymes

Proteins that help to digest food.

EUS-guided FNA biopsy

Use of pictures from sound waves and a thin, lighted tube

inserted through the mouth to guide a thin needle to the

right spot to remove a sample of tissue from the body for

testing. Also called EUS-FNA.

exocrine cells

Cells that make proteins that help to digest food.

external beam radiation therapy (EBRT)

Radiation therapy received from a machine outside the

body.

fibrosis

The scarring of supportive fibers in tissue.

fine-needle aspiration (FNA)

Use of a thin needle to remove a small amount of tissue or

fluid from the body to test for cancer cells.

first-line treatment

The first set of treatments given to treat a disease.

fluoropyrimidine-based therapy

A combination chemotherapy regimen in which the main

drug used is 5-FU (5-fluorouracil).

FOLFIRINOX

A combination chemotherapy regimen that includes 5-FU,

leucovorin, irinotecan, and oxaliplatin.

gallbladder

A small organ that holds digestive fluid from the liver.

gastroenterologist

A doctor who’s an expert in diseases of the digestive

system. This sytem contains organs that break down food

for the body to use.

gemcitabine-based therapy

A combination chemotherapy regimen in which the main

drug used is gemcitabine.