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72

NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

:

Pancreatic Cancer, Version 1.2017

Dictionary

general anesthesia

A controlled loss of wakefulness from drugs.

gland

A group of cells or a small organ that makes fluids or

chemicals that the body needs.

hives

Itchy, swollen, and red skin caused by an allergic reaction.

The body is ridding itself of a foreign substance.

hormones

Chemicals in the body that activate cells or organs.

insulin

A chemical that controls the amount of sugar in the blood.

intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT)

Radiation therapy that uses small beams of different

strengths based on the thickness of the tissue.

jaundice

Yellowing of the skin and eyes due to a buildup of bilirubin in

the body.

laparoscopy

A surgical test that uses a thin, lighted tube inserted through

a small cut in the belly (abdomen) to see inside the belly

area and possibly remove tissue for testing.

leucovorin

A drug that improves how well certain cancer drugs work.

liver

An organ that removes waste from the blood and makes

bile.

liver function tests

Tests of the blood for chemicals made or process by the

liver to see if the liver is working well.

local anesthesia

A controlled loss of feeling in a small area of the body

caused by drugs.

locally advanced pancreatic cancer

Cancer that started in the pancreas and has grown into

nearby blood vessels or tissues.

local metastasis

Cancer cells that have spread from the first tumor to a

nearby site.

local pancreatic cancer

Cancer that started in and hasn’t grown outside the

pancreas.

local recurrence

Cancer that came back after treatment, but is only in or near

the pancreas.

lymph

A clear fluid containing white blood cells.

lymph node

Small groups of special disease-fighting cells located

throughout the body.

lymph vessel

Tube-shaped ducts that carry lymph throughout the body.

magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography

(MRCP)

A test that uses radio waves and powerful magnets to make

very clear pictures of the pancreas and bile ducts.

magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

A test that uses radio waves and powerful magnets to make

pictures of the inside of the body showing the shape and

function of body parts.

main pancreatic duct

A small tube in the body that drains digestive fluids from

the pancreas into the first part of the small intestine

(duodenum).

medical history

All health events and medications taken to date.

metastases

Cancer that has spread from the first tumor in the pancreas

and formed tumors in other parts of the body. Plural for

“metastasis.”

metastasis

Cancer that has spread from the first tumor to another body

part.

metastatic pancreatic cancer

A tumor that started in the pancreas and has spread to

distant sites in the body.

metastatic recurrence

Cancer that came back after treatment and has spread to

sites far away from the pancreas.