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73

NCCN Guidelines for Patients

®

:

Pancreatic Cancer, Version 1.2017

Dictionary

microscope

A tool that uses lenses to see things the eyes can’t.

multidisciplinary

Includes a number of doctors and other health professionals

who are experts in different areas of cancer care.

neoadjuvant treatment

The treatment given before the main treatment used to rid

the body of cancer.

organ

A part of the body that performs a certain function.

palliative care

Treatment for the health conditions caused by pancreatic

cancer or cancer treatment.

pancreas

An organ that makes fluids that help digest food and

chemicals that control blood sugar.

pancreatic duct

A small tube in the pancreas that digestive fluids pass

through.

pancreatic protocol CT

A CT scan that is done in a certain way so that all of the

pictures focus specifically on the pancreas to clearly show

the pancreas, nearby blood vessels, and very tiny tumors.

pancreatic protocol MRI

An MRI scan that is done in a certain way so that all of the

pictures focus specifically on the pancreas to clearly show

the pancreas, nearby blood vessels, and very tiny tumors.

pancreatoduodenectomy

Surgery to remove the widest part (head) of the pancreas

and parts of other nearby organs. Also called Whipple

procedure.

pathologist

A doctor who’s an expert at testing cells and tissue for

disease.

percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube

A tube inserted through a cut in the belly area (abdomen)

and placed into the stomach to give food.

performance status

A rating of a person’s symptoms and ability to do daily

activities.

physical exam

A review of the body by a health expert for signs of disease.

primary treatment

The main treatment used to rid the body of cancer.

primary tumor

The first mass of cancer cells in the body.

psychologist

Professional who helps people cope with the psychological

and emotional effects of dealing with cancer.

radiation therapy

The use of high-energy rays (radiation) to destroy cancer

cells.

radiologist

A doctor who’s an expert in reading imaging tests.

recurrence

The return of cancer after treatment.

registered dietician

Trained nutritional specialist who gives nutritional advice

and helps with the dietary needs of cancer care.

resectable

Cancer that can be removed by surgery.

second-line treatment

The next treatment(s) given when the first or previous

treatment failed.

sedative

A drug that helps a person to relax or go to sleep.

side effects

An unplanned or unwanted physical or emotional response

to treatment.

small intestine

The digestive organ that absorbs nutrients from eaten food.

social worker

An expert in meeting social and emotional needs

.

spleen

An organ to the left of the stomach that helps to protect the

body against disease.

stent

A small, plastic or metal tube-shaped device used to

unblock a duct.