NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Prostate Cancer, Version 1.2016
Delay of treatment with ongoing testing to watch for cancer
androgen deprivation therapy (ADT)
Treatment that stops the testicles from making testosterone.
A drug that stops the action of the hormone testosterone.
Surgical removal of both testicles from the body.
The removal of tissue or fluid samples from your body to test
The placement of radioactive objects near or in a tumor.
castration-recurrent prostate cancer (CRPC)
Cancer that has grown or spread despite taking medicine
that reduced testosterone to low levels.
combined androgen blockade (CAB)
Castration treatment used with an antiandrogen.
computed tomography (CT)
A test that uses x-rays to view body parts.
Treatment that freezes tissue to kill cancer cells.
digital rectal exam (DRE)
An exam of the prostate by feeling it through the wall of the
Having an orgasm without ejaculation.
dual energy X-ray (DEXA)
A test that measures bone strength.
The tube through which sperm travel after leaving the
The inability to achieve erections sufficient for intercourse.
external beam radiation therapy (EBRT)
Radiation therapy received from a machine outside the body.
Cancer growth through the prostatic capsule.
Severe tiredness despite getting enough sleep that limits
one’s ability to function.
Use of a thin needle to remove fluid or tissue from the body.
A passage between two organs that aren’t normally
An increase in testosterone after starting castration
Information in cells for building new cells.
A score from 1 (best) to 5 (worst) made by a pathologist
based on the ability of prostate cells to form glands.
The primary grade is the most common pattern, and the
secondary grade is the second most common pattern. The
two grades are summed to give a Gleason score.
The grading system for prostate cancer.
high-dose rate (HDR) brachytherapy
Radioactive objects are removed from the tumor after the
radiation dose has been given.
Treatment that stops the making or action of hormones in the
body; androgen deprivation therapy.
image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT)
Radiation therapy that uses imaging tests during treatment to
better target the tumor.
Treatment that uses the immune system to fight disease.