NCCN Guidelines for Patients
Prostate Cancer, Version 1.2016
A prediction of the pattern and outcome of a disease based
on clinical information.
A male gland that makes fluid that protects sperm from the
acid in the vagina.
prostate-specific antigen (PSA)
A protein made by the prostate.
prostate-specific antigen (PSA) density
Comparison of the level of PSA to the size of the prostate.
prostate-specific antigen (PSA) doubling time
The time during which the level of PSA doubles.
prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level
Number of nanograms per milliliter of PSA.
prostate-specific antigen (PSA) velocity
How much the level of PSA changes over time.
radical perineal prostatectomy
Removal of the prostate through one cut made between the
scrotum and anus.
radical retropubic prostatectomy
Removal of the prostate through one cut made in the pelvis.
A doctor who specializes in reading imaging tests.
A drug that contains a radioactive substance.
The return of cancer after a disease-free period.
Prediction of a person’s chances for an event based on if he
or she matches the criteria of a group.
robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy
Removal of the prostate by a surgeon with a machine that
holds the surgical tools.
The second most common pattern of prostate cells’ ability to
form into glands.
One of two male glands that makes fluid used by sperm for
An unhealthy or unpleasant physical or emotional response
to a test or treatment.
Leakage of urine when pressure is exerted on the bladder
from sneezing, coughing, exercise, and so forth.
Treatment for symptoms of a disease.
Normal tissue around the edge of a tumor that is removed
during an operation.
A hormone that helps the sexual organs in men to work.
three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy
Radiation therapy that uses beams that match the shape of
transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)
A type of ultrasound that takes pictures of the prostate
through the rectum.
transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)
Surgical removal of some prostatic tissue through the
triple androgen blockade
Finasteride or dutasteride with combined androgen blockade.
A tube that expels urine from the body; it also expels semen
The feeling of having to rush to urinate or you’ll leak urine.
Inability to control the release of urine from the bladder.
Inability to empty the bladder.
Spread of cancer cells from the first tumor to internal organs.